Ayurvedais more thana healing system butit is a science that helpsyou inan art to lead a lifethroughoverall health of thebody. Itoutlines the rightdiet and living habits tobefollowed to prevent illnessesfrom attackingour body. According to Ayurvedaall human beings arebuilt upon five fundamentalelements i.evayu, aakash,agni, jala and prithvi. There arethree doshas that governwhich are pitta, vata,andKapha.Every person has theirindividual balance of Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isthe elementof Ayurvedathat not only helps to eliminatecontaminants from the body,but alsoenhancesthe immune systemand balancesthe doshas.This is by far themosteffectivehealing methodinAyurvedic Medicine.The therapyisrecommended to maintainphysical and mental well-being.It’s a time-testednatural therapy for detoxification andimprovinghealth.
Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordthat means ‘fiveactions’. It ishighly individualized and tailoredin accordance with the needs of the patient,as it depends onthedoshas balance as well as age, digestivesystem and so on.In accordance with the requirementsof the patient, allora portionof the fivekarmas isadministered. Thetherapy eliminates excessdoshas and balances the imbalanceofdoshas. Itremoves the toxins out ofthe bodyvia thebody’schannels.
Thewhole process of panchakarmaincludes:
1) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2) Pradhan karma- itincludes vamana, virechan,basti, nasya as well asRaktamokshan, which are thefivekarmasi.e panchakarma.
3.) Paschatkarma- it includesdiet post-therapy
Theprimary goalofsnehanaorswedana is torestore thedoshas that are vitiated to an eliminationform. Itcan be usedto treat individualsas well as apoorvakarmain the form of shodhanchikitsa.
It is also knownasoleation therapy.It is atreatments that are done prior tocommencing the Panchakarma Therapy.InCharaka Samhita there are mainly4 types of snehana dravyawhich are considered to be the best for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
Dadimadighrita, tila taila and bala taila, as well as ashwagandhaghrita etc are some oftheingredients usedinthe snehana.
Theprocess lubricates the entirebodyby applying medicated oil/gheeinternally and externally.When the medicated oil/ghee isadministered internally it is calledsnehapanam, it is verycrucial for the process of Panchakarma.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1.) Internal oleation-
Itinvolves the consumption ofsnehana dravya , whether in a medicinalornon-medicated form. Itcouldbecombinedwith other ayurvedicmedicines or food items.This method helps to lubricate thetissuesas well as various areas of thehuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Itincludes head massage or body massage,gargles and other treatments using medicated oils.
It is also calledsteam therapy, also known astherapeutic sudation. It’sthe second procedure performed beforePanchakarma.It improvescirculation of blood and removescontaminants through the pores of the skinout of the body.
It isone ofthemost effective practices that hasbeeninto practice since longback. Itis utilized as apractice of shaman-chikitsa as wellas poorvakarma before shodhan chikitsa. Itcan be done ona particular part of abody or the wholebody. Themethod used to administerswedanadoes not remain constant, it may changedepending on the needsthat the person.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is amethod of controlling therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapycan be found indoshas called kapha.If the dosha reachessome limit and istransferred to another location and needs tobeexpelledout of thebody. Kaphais foundin the chestarea, soremoval viathe oral routeisvery easy .
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is one of thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsused arenimba, kutaja,yashtimadhu, vacha etc.
The therapeutic emesis comes in twotypes-
1)Gastric emesistriggers the gastric mucosait then stimulates the vomiting center ofthe brain.
2)Central emesisstimulates medulla of thebrain, and it then stimulates the vomiting centerwithin the brain.
Vomiting is coordinated byMedulla Oblongata, a brain regionandbegins with a lot ofnausea and salivation.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Thetreatment eliminates the aggravatedkapha dosha, improvesmetabolism and digestion,improves the health of your body, increasesthefunction of the senseorgans,boosts fertility,andreduces the rate of ageing.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapywhen aggravatedkapha dosha causes diseaseorthe dominant kapha doshawith pitta dosha causeillness.There are certainguidelines and contraindications.
Thetreatment is recommended fordiarrhea, dysentery, feverof recent origin, cough, cold,asthma, tumour,thyroid disorder,urinary tractdisorders and skin diseases, anorexia breathing disorder, ingestiongoiter, fibroid, filariasis,and many more.
Patientswith a kapha dosha less thannormalshould not be treated withvammanatreatment.Women pregnant, who do not havesnehana karma, agni that is strong(digestive system) people who areunder stress, or hungry or stress, children, an elderly who is weak, weak, has an enlargedthe spleen, intestinal parasitesenlarged prostate and etcin such cases vamana karmais not recommended.
Virechan (purgation)is the second karmainpanchakarma. It isone of the widelyutilized treatments, especially inailments caused by thePitta dosha imbalance. The pittadoesha is removedin a forceful manner through the anal channel.The doshas are eliminated withlesser stress and problemsas compared to vamana karma. Itcould also be administeredinpitta-kapha or vata-pittadoshas in which pitta is the dominant. Thetherapy requires the following of aeating regimens to attain thenormaldiet and to completethetreatment.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Depending upon the medicine administeredvirechan comes in two formsThere are two types of virechan –
1) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofSnigdha meansoily. It ismentioned in the context of pitta.isin connection withvata dosha.
2) Rooksha virechan- itis indicated when pitta islinked to kapha dosha.
Virechanis a candidate forgout, piles, constipation jaundice, liver diseases ascites, splenomegalydysuria, pain or discomfort in the largecolon, urogenitalsystem infemales and males and nasal bleeding, etc.
Diarrhea, poor digestion and dysentery, ulcersin the rectum and emaciatedperson, following excessiveoleation treatment, wounds etcareinstances wherevirechanis not indicated.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inolden daysthebladder (basti) wasutilized as anequipmentforenema.The name for thisprocedure is basti karma.
Basti isone of the special treatmentsforayurvedic panchakarma.In this medicated ghee,decoction, oil and other ingredientsare administeredthrough rectal,vaginal and urinary channels. Itincreases immunity and enhancesthe overall health of an individual. Vatadosha is the cause ofall the diseasesand basti karmais the remedypreferred for relaxingvata dosha.Thus, it is describedas ‘ardhachikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Thetreatment of medicines usingmassive or basti(urinary bladder) isknown as basti karma.
One or more of theherbal decoction, medicated oil-gheeand other such things, ksheera, mamsarasa, raktaand othermedicines in the form ofliquids are used based onthestate of health of theindividual.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1.) Expels themorbid doshas.
2.) Pacifies thedoshas that are aggravated.
3) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose suffering fromsemen depletion.
4)Can help in losingthe weight and controllingweight gain and managing obesity.
5)Delays ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Helps to provide proper nourishmentandimproves the healthin the organism.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Promotes quality of lifeandenhances life span.