The depletion of the ozone layer, fewer water resources, immense industrial waste, and excessive smoke in the air are some of the factors that contribute to the degradation of the natural ecosystem. A habitat is a safe place for many living beings. Human actions have slowly contributed to its destruction, and if it continues, it will not be able to support the main species on Earth. Life will become unbearable, and the necessities will be compromised. The ecosystem comprises all the species and living beings on Earth, ranging from marine to land animals and humans. All the activities that are necessary for life take place in this natural system. For a constant supply of fresh air, to breathe in a clean environment, to have purified water to drink, for the adequate supply of food, and for the health and wellness of all the living creatures, it is necessary to protect the ecosystem.
- Unnecessary Disposal of Plastic
In the past years, life without plastic was considered impossible. Almost everyone had to use the shopping bags of plastic for carrying away the things to and from the market. It had a major influence on life, and people were not considerate about the effects it has on the environment. Plastic disposal has a significant role in the destruction of marine and aquatic life. Every year, more than thousands of sea turtles or fish die by eating plastic bags or by strangling by plastic bags. The sea life is immensely affected by plastic usage, which directly has effects on the ecosystem and affects its stability. The change occurs throughout the food chain. The decomposition of plastic is another thing that needs immediate attention. It takes several years for the plastic to breakdown, and till then, it imparts its effects on the environment and its natural habitat.
Plastic sinks from the land to the ocean. The risk of endangerment of the animals and birds have significantly increased due to excessive disposal of plastic. Plastics are generally made of long chains of carbon, and it has some devastating effects on the climate. By improving the disposal system, the effects can be reduced considerably. The improved functionality of waste management systems can reduce the flow of plastics to the food chain, thus contributing to the functionality of the environment. The other way plastic use can be lowered by replacing it with some more capable and efficient sources. The influential steps taken will have long-lasting effects and can help in the survival of the ecosystem.
- Excessive Pollution
Human actions have a handful of contributions to the deterioration of the environment. The contamination of the environment has led to an increased rate of diseases and, ultimately, deaths. To acknowledge the fact that the contamination of the ecosystem with a powerful toxic substance has the potential to kill species is dreadful enough. The dominant types of pollution that have influences on human health and animals are land pollution, water pollution, air pollution, and noise pollution. Plants and animals are both equally subjected to the effects of pollution. While everyone may be accustomed to listening to that concept of pollution and its consequences, but, it is much more than it seems. The imbalance of systems or the flow of materials that a pollutant creates in the habitat has some serious consequences. The survival of life needs an immediate fix and solution to the pollution-related environmental issues.
The harmful pollutants introduced by the industry to the environment have a role in the degradation of the environment. Deforestation is another factor that plays a big part in harming life on Earth. To combat such issues, the proper mechanism to reduce pollution must be introduced. By becoming more cautious and considerate of our effects on the environment, the risk for endangered species can be reduced, and a more healthy and prosperous life can be promoted. Protecting the trees and making more healthy changes to our local habitat can have a prolonging effect and will ultimately improve the quality of life.
- Immense Climate Change
The climate changes have some grave outcomes that have threatened the sustainability of life. The constant fluctuations in the weather pattern, a decline in the rain, flooding, and the decreased rate of food production are some of the climate-induced factors. The risk of which is increasing day by day and will have more pressing consequences in the future. The summers have become unbearable, and winters bring their own set of coldness with them due to the change in the atmosphere. Global warming has caused some defects in the ecosystem, and it has some serious effects on all living creatures and life processes. The air purification level has also been affected due to the constant introduced changes in the environment. The risk for acid rains and lower pH of oceans or seas has caused a danger to marine life. An increased rate of cardiovascular problems or respiratory distress has been seen in humans. The increase in death rates due to waterborne infections have also been reported.
The destruction of the food chain reduces the life rate and impacts all the beings present in the system by reducing the effects of greenhouse gases and introducing some technologies that can trap them. With minimum human actions, the effects on the environment can be lowered significantly. The reduced pollution and lesser use of electronics can have a promising effect in lowering the risk of climate deterioration. Planting more trees and increasing the greenery around the neighborhood can promote better weather and more bearable temperatures. The collective efforts taken on everyone’s behalf can have fruitful effects that will also promote the sustainability of nature.
- Industry and Smoke
With the concept of industrialization and with more industries in existence, the excretion of harmful gases and smoke has increased. The smoke emitted from the chimneys has a direct effect on human health, and many species are vulnerable to its effects. The smoke that is released accumulates in the air and contributes to the greenhouse effect. The disposal of waste materials to the streams and on land is one of the other major contributing factors that increase the vulnerability to damage. The rapid expansion of industries in some populated areas has also caused a consequence on the health of the local population. There is an extended risk of waterborne infections or respiratory issues reported in such domains, and the death rate has also elevated. People working in those factories and industries also suffer from the harmful effects and are more prone to diseases. The industry’s smokes have a devastating influence on climate change as well.
While many industries have helped in improving the economy and have helped in progressing, their negative effects cannot be subsided. One thing that can be done to reduce the actions of industries is by situating them in a far off area where fewer people can have exposure to the smoke. The safety measures can help in lowering the incidence of diseases. Furthermore, filters in chimneys will be an efficient way to reduce the risk of greenhouse emissions. The careful and responsible disposal of the waste materials and removing plastic can protect the soil and water channels from pollution. People can use public transport more so that the emission of smoke from the vehicles.
- Inability to Recycle Things
With the advancement in the industries, more resources and techniques have been introduced, which are efficient enough to enhance the functionality of the natural habitat. Plastic has contributed to the harmful effects to a greater extent. Not every plastic is recyclable, and hence it can take many years to decompose. People usually do not have ample knowledge about the recyclability process, and hence, there is no use in using such eco-friendly and sustainable things if the concept of reusability is not known. The downtime required for the recyclability often confuses people, and they become uncertain and begin to question the authenticity. The lack of enough expertise is one of the major problems that everyone encounters while doing the process of recyclability. The tools that are required for recycling must be capable of carrying out the process with ease. Everyone must be considerate enough of the effects that they have on the ecosystem. They must strive to promote the survival of the natural habitat.
Not recycling things will increase the pollution of all forms. It will be a major to promote the harmful effects on the environment. The improper disposal of the goods will increase land pollution and eventually enhanced the disease rate. The little efforts taken can help to improve the sustainability of the natural systems. The destruction of the natural habitats for many animals and bird species can put them at risk of endangerment. Understanding the basic concepts and ideas about reusability can reduce the cost of things. Recyclability of products also helps in improving the GDP of the country. Considering the economic and sustainable effects it has on the environment, the recyclability of goods must be promoted more.
- Role of Packaging in Improving the Habitat
When shopping, people want the best of the packages for their products. They make up their decision often based on the packaging. Similarly, brands also promote their products more based on their outer look. With the introduction of new ideas and technology, changes in the packaging industry have also been observed. The industry has now shifted to more responsible ways and methods that can promote health and are safe to use as well. The use of eco friendly boxes has become much accepted by a variety of brands. Such packaging is easy to discard, and above all, it is safe enough to enclose everything in it with care. The safety of the packages has added to their popularity and has made them suitable for all products. They are made with recyclable materials. The designing and the printing of the boxes serve as the marketing tool for the brand.
Our Earth has already faced enough challenges and consequences due to human actions. The constant emission of greenhouse gases has caused the depletion of the ozone layer, which is one of the notable things that is destroying the ecosystem. The ozone protection has shielded the Earth for many years. The ozone layer has protected its creatures from the harmful radiation of the sun. Now is the high time to work for the betterment of the environment by enough steps that are taken to protect the vulnerability of the Earth so that it can become a better place for future generations, all land creatures, and marine life.