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Types of Eczema

You may have eczema if your skin itches and turns red from time to time. In infants, this skin condition is very prevalent, but adults may get it too.

Atopic dermatitis, the most common type, is also called eczema. “Atopic” means an allergy. People with eczema also, along with itchy, red eyes, have allergies or Asthma.

Eczema, too, comes in a few other forms. Each form of eczema has its collection of causes and symptoms.

Common symptoms of eczema are:

Atopic dermatitis

The most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. It usually begins in infancy, and by adulthood, it either gets milder or goes away. Atopic dermatitis is part of what is considered the atopic Triad by physicians. “Triad” stands for three. Hay fever and Asthma are the other two illnesses in the Triad. There are also individuals with atopic dermatitis that have all three conditions.


In atopic dermatitis:

  • the rash often develops in the creases of your knees or elbows
  • skin in areas where the rash appears may get thicker or turn lighter or darker.
  • If you scratch them, tiny bumps can appear and leak fluid.
  • Children also get a rash on their skin and cheeks
  • If you scratch it, your skin can get infected.


When the protective protection of your skin against the elements is compromised, atopic dermatitis occurs. This suggests that your skin is less able to protect you from allergens and irritants. Atopic dermatitis is typically caused by a mixture of causes, such as:

  • genes
  • dry skin
  • an immune system problem
  • triggers in the environment

Dyshidrotic eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema causes the hands and feet to develop tiny blisters. It’s more prevalent for women than for men.


In dyshidrotic eczema:

  • fluid-filled blisters develop on your fingers, toes, palms, and soles of your feet
  • Such blisters can itch or hurt.
  • You can scale, crack, and flake the skin,


Dyshidrotic eczema is caused by:

  • allergies
  • damp hands and feet
  • exposure to substances such as cobalt, chromium salt or nickel
  • stress

Hand eczema

Eczema is called hand eczema, which affects the palms. If you work in a job like hairdressing or cleaning, where you continuously use chemicals that irritate the skin, you can get this kind.


In hand eczema:

  • your hands get red, itchy, and dry
  • they may form cracks or blisters


Hand eczema is triggered by exposure to chemicals. People who work in jobs that expose them to irritants are more likely to get this form, such as:

  • cleaning
  • hairdressing
  • healthcare
  • laundry or dry cleaning

Nummular eczema

This type of eczema causes your skin to develop round, coin-shaped spots. In Latin, the word ‘nummular’ means coin. Nummular eczema, and it can itch a lot, looks very different from other forms of eczema.


In nummular eczema:

  • round, coin-shaped spots form on your skin
  • the spots may itch or become scaly


Cumulative eczema can be caused by an insect bite reaction or an allergic reaction to metals or chemicals. Also, dry skin may cause it. When you have another type of eczema, such as atopic dermatitis, you’re more likely to get this kind.

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