Ayurvedais more than justa healing system butan art of guidingyou withhow to livethroughoverall health and wellness of yourbody. Itoutlines the rightfood and lifestyle habits that shouldbeobserved to avoid diseasesthat attackyour body. According to Ayurvedaall human beings areestablished through 5 basicelements i.evayu and aakash.jala, agni and prithvi. There are3 governing doshasthat are pitta (vata), pittaandthe kapha.Every person has theirindividual, unique balance of Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isthe componentof Ayurvedathat does not just eliminatecontaminants from the body,but alsobooststhe immune systemand balancesthe doshas.Themosteffectivetherapy for healing that is availableinAyurvedic Medicine.Itisrecommended for maintainingmental and physical health.It’s a long-standingnatural treatment for detoxification andimprovinghealth.
Panchakarma isaSanskrit wordmeaning “fiveactions’. It ishighly individualized and customizedto meet the individual’s needs,because it is based onthebalance of doshas and age, digestionsystem, and more.Based on the needsof the patient, allorpartof the fivekarmas isadministered. Thetherapy helps eliminate excessdoshas and balances the imbalanceofthe doshas . Ittakes the toxins out ofthe bodyby utilizing thebodychannels.
Thewhole process of panchakarmais comprised of
1) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2.) Pradhan karma- itincludes virechan, vamanabasti, nasya andRaktamokshan, which are thefivekarmasi.e panchakarma.
3) Paschatkarma- it includesthe post therapy diet
Thepurposethe main goal ofsnehanaas well asswedana is tobringdoshas with vitiation to a non-existentform. Itcan be usedto treat individualsand aspoorvakarmain the form of shodhanChikitsa.
It is also referred toasOleation Therapy.It is aprocedures that are performed prior tostarting the Panchakarma treatment.As stated inCharaka Samhita there are mainlyfour kinds of snehana dravyathought to be the best for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
Dadimadighrita, tilataila, bala taila, ashwagandhaGhrita are just a few ofthemedicines usedinsnehana.
Thetechnique lubricates all over thebodyby applying medicated oil/gheeboth externally and internally.When the medicated oil or ghee isapplied internally, it is known assnehapanam. It is anvital to perform this procedure in order to achieve Panchakarma.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1) Internal oleation-
Itis a form of consumption that includessnehana dravya in a medicatedornon-medicated form. Itmay or may notbemixedwith other ayurvedicmedications or food items.The method lubricates thetissuesand various parts ofhuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Italso includes head massage or body massage,gargle , etc. with medicated oil.
It is also calledsteam therapyortherapeutic sudation. It isthe other procedure done beforePanchakarma.The treatment improvescirculation of blood and removescontaminants through the pores of the skinin the body.
It isone ofthemost effective practices that hasbeenin use for a long timeback. Itis used as apractice of shaman-chikitsa as wellfor poorvakarma prior to shodhan chikitsa. Itcan be administered toan individual part of thebody or the wholebody. Theprocedure of administeringswedanaisn’t constant, it may changedepending on the demandsfor the individual.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is amethod of controlling therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapyis indicated inthe kapha doshas.When a dosha exceedsthe limit of a certain amount and getsrelocated to a different location that it mustbeeliminatedaway from yourbody. Kapharesidesin the chestarea, soelimination viait’s oral routesiseasy.
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is considered to be thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsused areKutaja, nimba,yashtimadhu, vacha etc.
1.)Gastric emesis- itstimulates the gastric mucosait then stimulates the vomiting center ofthe brain.
2)Central emesistriggers the medulla of thebrain and causes vomiting to occurwithin the brain.
Vomiting is coordinated byMedulla Oblongata, a brain regionandis triggered bynausea and salivation.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Theprocess eliminates the aggravatedKapha dosha and improvesdigestion and metabolism. It alsorestores normal health, enhancesthefunctions of senseorgans,increases fertilityandreduces the rate of ageing.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapywhen an aggravatedkapha dosha causes diseaseorthe dominant kapha doshapitta dosha is responsible fordiseases.Vamana therapy is a treatment with certainlimitations and contraindications.
Thetreatment is appropriate fordiarrhea dysentery, fever, or diarrheafrom recent causes, cough, cold,urinary tractdisorder anorexia, skin disorders or respiratory illness, stomach indigestionfibroid, goiter, filariasisand many more.
Patientswho have kapha dosha lower thannormalshould not undergovammanatherapies.Women pregnant, who do not havesnehana karma, agni that is strong(digestive system), person who isanxious, hungry or stress, children, an elderly or weak, with an enlargedcolon, intestinal parasiteslarger prostate and otherswhen this happens, vamana Karmamust be avoided.
Virechan (purgation)is the second form of karmaofpanchakarma. It isone of the most widelyutilized treatments, especially indiseases caused due toaggravated pitta dosha. The pittadoesha is removedforcibly through the anal route.Doshas are eliminated usingless strain and with less complications whencompared to vamana karma. Itmay also be administeredinpitta-kapha or vata-pittadoshaswhere pitta is dominant. Thetherapy requires the following of aeating regimens to attain thenormaldiet and completethetreatment.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Depending upon the medicine administeredvirechan may be of two kindsThere are two types of virechan –
1) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofsnigdha isoily. It ismentioned in the context of pitta.isin connection withvata dosha.
2) Rooksha virechan- itis identified when pitta islinked to kapha dosha.
Virechanmay causeconstipation, gout, piles as well as jaundice, liver disease, splenomegaly, ascites,dysuria, pain in the largeintestine, disease of urogenitalsystem infemales and males nasal bleeding, etc.
Poor digestive system, diarrhea and dysentery as well as ulcersin the rectum or emaciatedpersonafter excessiveOleation treatment, or wounds, etc.arethe cases wherevirechanisn’t indicated.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inthe past,theurinarybladder (basti) wasused asequipmentforthe enema.The name for thisprocedure is basti karma.
Basti isa special treatmentforayurvedic panchakarma.The medicated ghee,decoction, oil, etc.are administeredthrough the rectal,vaginal and urinary channels. Itimproves the immune system and increasesthe general health of a person. Vatadosha is responsible forall the diseasesand basti karmais a treatmentto controlvata dosha.Hence it is describedas ‘ardhachikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Theadministration of medicines withthe basti, or even vasti(urinary bladder) isknown as basti karma.
A single or a combination ofherbs, decoctions of herbal origin, medicated oil,etc, mamsa, ksheerarasa, raktaand othermedicines in the form ofliquids are utilized based onthecondition of the diseasedindividual.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1.) Expels thedoshas, which are a scourge.
2.) Pacifies thedoshas that are aggravated.
3) Acts as aphrodisiac forpeople suffering fromsemen depletion.
4.)It helps in putting onthe weight and controllingobesity.
5)Delays ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Helps to provide proper nourishmentandimproves the healthof the body.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Enhances quality of lifeandincreases life span.