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Everything you need to know about dialysis

Kidney failure is a leading disease with high prevalence in India. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs responsible for filtering out any waste and toxins from our bodies. Kidney failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) occurs when kidneys fail to perform or perform only 10% of their normal function. However, medical science offers an effective way to treat ESRD – dialysis. Read about everything you need to know about dialysis in this article. 

Visit the CK Birla Hospital to know more about dialysis in Gurgaon

What is dialysis?

Dialysis is an innovative treatment in which each medical equipment (machine) replaces the function of the diseased kidney. 

Similar to kidneys, a dialysis machine removes extra water, waste, and other toxins from the blood. The removal of these elements also supports the regulation of nutrients such as sodium and potassium. 

If dialysis is not performed routinely with a patient living with kidney failure, waste products and impurities can collect in the body and damage various organs. 

What are the different types of dialysis?

There are two types of dialysis based on the overall health and preference of the patient. These include:

Hemodialysis – Hemodialysis is the most common type of dialysis. It includes the use of an artificial kidney, also known as hemodialyzer. In a session of hemodialysis, the blood from the patient’s body is removed and filtered. After the waste elements are removed, the blood is again supplied to the patient’s body using the machine. 

On average, one session of hemodialysis lasts about 3-5 hours and is performed thrice in a week. The patient needs to visit a hospital setting or dialysis centre to receive this dialysis. However, it can also be performed at home. 

Peritoneal dialysis – This dialysis type involves an abdominal surgical procedure. The surgeon implants a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter in the patient’s abdomen. The PD catheter helps in filtering the blood through a membrane in the abdomen called the peritoneum. When a patient comes for dialysis, the peritoneum is filled with a special fluid called dialysate. This fluid absorbs any waste elements when the blood flows through the catheter. 

Peritoneal dialysis is performed 4-6 times per week. The patient can receive this dialysis at a hospital or home (after the catheter is implanted).

Consult a leading expert for more information about dialysis in Gurgaon. 

What are the risks of dialysis?

Both types of dialysis are safe and reliable if performed with the help of a verified center under the supervision of experts. Nonetheless, there are a few risks associated with both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. 

Risks associated with dialysis include:

  • Low blood pressure
  • High levels of potassium in the blood
  • Anemia
  • Itching
  • Irregular heartbeat 
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sepsis 
  • Muscle cramps 
  • The weakening of abdominal muscles
  • Sudden weight gain 
  • Hernia
  • Fever 
  • Abdominal pain

What are the alternatives to dialysis?

Kidney failure does not have a wide range of treatment options. Besides regular dialysis, a patient can opt for (if found eligible) for a kidney transplant. 

A kidney transplant is a surgery in which the diseased kidney is replaced by a donor’s kidney. However, a kidney transplant is a complex surgery. There is most often a long wait before the patient can find a suitable match. 

What is the life expectancy of a patient on dialysis?

Several factors contribute to deciding the expectancy of a patient on dialysis. Their current state of health, lifestyle, the severity of symptoms, and underlying medical conditions affect the life expectancy. On average, the life expectancy on dialysis is 5-10 years. 

Some patients, however, see their life expectancy on dialysis to be extended to 20-30 years. 

Visit the CK Birla Hospital if you are looking for dialysis in Gurgaon. 

References:

https://www.healthline.com/health/dialysis#outlook

https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/dialysisinfo

 

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